Aristoteles

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Basic data

  1. 384 BCE in Stagira (Thrakien)
  2. 322 BCE in Chalkis auf Euböa
  3. Philosoph
  4. Athen

Iconography

(Source: Wikimedia)
School of Aristotle in Mieza, Macedonia, Greece (Source: Wikimedia)
Portrait bust of Aristotle; an Imperial Roman (1st or 2nd century AD) copy of a lost bronze sculpture made by Lysippos (Source: Wikimedia)
Plato (left) and Aristotle in Raphael's 1509 fresco, The School of Athens. Aristotle holds his Nicomachean Ethics and gestures to the earth, representing his view in immanent realism, whilst Plato gestures to the heavens, indicating his Theory of Forms, and holds his Timaeus.[30][31] (Source: Wikimedia)
Plato's forms exist as universals, like the ideal form of an apple. For Aristotle, both matter and form belong to the individual thing (hylomorphism). (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle argued that a capability like playing the flute could be acquired – the potential made actual – by learning. (Source: Wikimedia)
The four classical elements (fire, air, water, earth) of Empedocles and Aristotle illustrated with a burning log. The log releases all four elements as it is destroyed. (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle's laws of motion. In Physics he states that objects fall at a speed proportional to their weight and inversely proportional to the density of the fluid they are immersed in.[45] This is a correct approximation for objects in Earth's gravitational field moving in air or water.[47] (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle argued by analogy with woodwork that a thing takes its form from four causes: in the case of a table, the wood used (material cause), its design (formal cause), the tools and techniques used (efficient cause), and its decorative or practical purpose (final cause).[49] (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle noted that the ground level of the Aeolian islands changed before a volcanic eruption. (Source: Wikimedia)
Among many pioneering zoological observations, Aristotle described the reproductive hectocotyl arm of the octopus (bottom left). (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle inferred growth laws from his observations on animals, including that brood size decreases with body mass, whereas gestation period increases. He was correct in these predictions, at least for mammals: data are shown for mouse and elephant. (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle recorded that the embryo of a dogfish was attached by a cord to a kind of placenta (the yolk sac), like a higher animal; this formed an exception to the linear scale from highest to lowest.[80] (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle proposed a three-part structure for souls of plants, animals, and humans, making humans unique in having all three types of soul. (Source: Wikimedia)
Senses, perception, memory, dreams, action in Aristotle's psychology. Impressions are stored in the sensorium (the heart), linked by his laws of association (similarity, contrast, and contiguity). (Source: Wikimedia)
Aristotle's classifications of political constitutions (Source: Wikimedia)
The Blind Oedipus Commending his Children to the Gods (1784) by Bénigne Gagneraux. In his Poetics, Aristotle uses the tragedy Oedipus Tyrannus by Sophocles as an example of how the perfect tragedy should be structured, with a generally good protagonist who starts the play prosperous, but loses everything through some hamartia (fault).[114] (Source: Wikimedia)
Frontispiece to a 1644 version of Theophrastus's Historia Plantarum, originally written around 300 BC (Source: Wikimedia)
Islamic portrayal of Aristotle, c. 1220 (Source: Wikimedia)
Woodcut of Aristotle ridden by Phyllis by Hans Baldung, 1515[151] (Source: Wikimedia)
William Harvey's De Motu Cordis, 1628, showed that the blood circulated, contrary to classical era thinking. (Source: Wikimedia)
"That most enduring of romantic images, Aristotle tutoring the future conqueror Alexander".[134] Illustration by Charles Laplante [fr], 1866 (Source: Wikimedia)
First page of a 1566 edition of the Nicomachean Ethics in Greek and Latin (Source: Wikimedia)
Bildnis des Aristote, Anton Pailler - 1701/1800 (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)
Bildnis des Aristoteles, 1651/1750 (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)
Bildnis des Aristoteles, 1601/1750 (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)
Bildnis des Aristoteles, 1601/1750 (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)
Bildnis des Aristoteles, 1601/1750 (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)
Bildnis des Aristoteles, 1601/1750 (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)
Bildnis des Aristoteles, 1751/1850? (Quelle: Digitaler Portraitindex)

Biographical information from the WeGA

No biographical data found

Biography not available due to one of the following causes:

  • Data will be added at a later stage
  • Research of the WeGA was without success so far
  • It is a well known person where enough information is available online elsewhere, see e.g Wikipedia

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